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Smart Anything Everywhere

Cyber-Physical Systems Engineering Labs is part of the Smart Anything Everywhere initiative.

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 644400.

Smart Urbana (Enabling municipalities with CPS instruments and business models for digital transformation of real time data about urban processes into digital services for the community)

Problem and solution

City stakeholders such as municipalities and utility providers and businesses as well as citizens have to deal with increasing complexity of their cities as Big System of Systems subject to accelerated change and diversity of multi-dimensional criteria of quality of life and understanding of its sustainability. The management and monitoring of such systems require access to a huge number of data sources such as sensor networks, IoT, various automated and management information systems, databases and smart everything. The enabling technology shall support and improve citizens living environment and be able to cope with these issues and ensure easy linkages to multiple data sources providing a simple holistic vision of city processes, various information services and controls in real time.

The Smart Urbana project aimed to provide municipalities and citizens with new information instruments based on the concepts of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) and use the CPS models as engines for digital transformation of real-time data from physical and virtual urban processes into various information services for the communities. During the experiment three use cases for the partner cities were developed:

Use Case 01: CPS based instruments for holistic Smart Local Governance of quality of life in European Cities in compliance with international standards: "How are you, my city?". The use case is directly linked to the international standardisation processes taking place in EU in relation to Smart Cities and specifically to ISO 37120:2014 as an example that provides clear definition of the urban CPS model structure, KPIs and data sources required for evaluation of the quality of life in urban communities. The implementation of Smart Urbana experiment and, in particular, Use Case 1 demonstrated availability of the effective novel solution for a holistic view of the city status for a local governance as well as for each urban service area. It supports easy management, monitoring and operations of whole city and its various service areas as running the complex CPS model to calculate ongoing sustainability statuses and all standard and custom KPIs and presenting relevant information to all city stakeholders enabling full transparency of urban processes in real time.

Use Case 02: Air Quality, which addresses this important component of the quality of life for citizens in an urban environment (theme-object Environment by ISO 37120). The real-time solution supports various new business models and apps based on relevant sensor network by local providers or municipalities that installed at stationary city locations and various transportation vehicles and communicating its measurements to the Smart City Monitor engine over available wireless and cable networks. By processing the multiple data, the city engine can send automatic real-time notifications to all subscribers having relevant mobile apps about non-compliances in quality of life directly to their current locations or those they plan to visit. The relevant statistics of non-compliance cases provides the evidence for improvement decisions and policies by municipalities and utility providers.

Use Case 03: Waste management. The Use Case 3 demonstrated the CPS model flexibility to change after the municipality of Volvi requested adding integrated information services presenting waste collection trucks operations. Based on existing procedures that register each truck weights before and after waste collection in daily spreadsheets the ASIDEES team defined relevant trucks as CPS objects under the theme-object "Solid Waste" in CPS model by ISO 37120 and relevant automatic data import procedures from these spreadsheet files for each municipality truck. The results are presented in the relevant dashboards and based on city performance targets provide full transparency of the waste collection status and results to all stakeholders in real time. The Use Case 3 implementation requires 1-week work time and can run automatically subject to availability of regular registrations of daily weight measurements. The experiment proved the capacity of the integrated platform "Smart City Monitor+SOFIA2" to support complex digital transformation applications related to Smart City domain. The implementation of Use Cases 1, 2 and 3 within this short project by small ASIDEES team demonstrated the power and practicality of novel cost-effective technical solution developed in the experiment that could foster small and medium cities in Europe realising Smart City concepts. The experiment demonstrated the unique leading position of European Union innovations in this novel and perspective domain.

During the project implementation, the consortium learned that necessity of better, transparent governance supported by smart technologies became real and in middle size cities. ASIDEES introduced the solution that can offer the municipalities, its citizens and other stakeholders real-time transparency of ongoing urban processes and various novel opportunities to participate and contribute to local governance performance and efficiency. Utility providers can have real-time information about the operational performance, employer results and the quality of their work as well as nexus linkages to other areas of city life. To have a better understanding of novel applications and its rich set of optional uses in real life, more practical workshops and piloting cases are necessary with the participation of city specialists and stakeholders. Such trainings would improve continuity of the project results after the experiment end as well as its practical acceptance at all levels of local governance.

During the implementation of the Use Case 1 and 2, the partner municipalities assessed their inventory of available sensors and IoT and other data sources. It was found out that cities own neither sensors nor data. Some owners of the sensors and data in the partner cities such as agencies and private companies contributed to the project since it was a Horizon 2020 experiment. It was useful innovative experiment for the city authorities to explore a principally novel approach to smart sustainability and city services through the data that cities generate applying urban CPS models.

How did CPSE Labs Help?

The CPSE Labs experiment facilitated the collaboration between partners in different European countries and demonstrated the capabilities of the middleware Sofia2 technology provided by the Design Centre and newly introduced high level CPS modelling and application software Smart City Monitor by ASIDEES and GOLEM IMS GMBH resulting in coming up with cutting-edge sophisticated solution that realised knowledge and technology development, transfer, deployment, dissemination and exploitation by all consortium partners in real-life conditions.

It proved a possibility to bring up the efficiency and transparency of local governance that previously was not existent by presenting a real-time holistic picture of the quality of life and performance online and the sustainability of a city as big system of systems.

The final products include the integrated cloud platforms for each partner city running the custom urban CPS models, developed during the experiment to support 3 use cases, relevant databases and relevant linkages to these databases as required by ISO 37120 and sensor networks. The relevant urban Cyber-Physical System models running at each partner city instance enable digital transformation and custom applications supporting new smart governance and management by city authorities and department management and utility services providers.

The results promote further industrial development and applications of the solutions after the end of the experiment by ASIDEES and its partners. The business model for the experiment identified the value chain "Data owners → Service providers → Local Governance → Citizens" and the practical ways of CPS technology use for its improvement enabling novel value-added services for city stakeholders in transportation, energy efficiency, environment, water, waste, management of school operations, tourists’ services, public assets and various other applications.

It was demonstrated that partner municipalities are interested in introduction of novel technologies assisting in smart governance and transparency, and ready to offer their assistance to local businesses for implementing smart technologies that can improve performance efficiency and sustainability. The municipalities that achieved practical results in this innovation also become ready to offer assistance to other municipalities in their regions and countries to achieve new levels of knowledge and technological advancements. Training services in the smart governance area are attractive for municipalities and very relevant for making local administrations and companies aware and involved in innovations.

Impact

The potential applications of ‘Smart Urbana’ experiment and demonstrated solution in the realisation of smart city programmes in Europe can be significant. Through integrated holistic view and cyber-physical system approach to the city as Big System of Systems linking physical and virtual worlds, large number of small and medium cities can now tailor evidence data to the specific needs in decision making, policy development, service development, and smart city management in practice applying novel cost-effective ICT. The experiment has provided new incentives for smart cities management regarding the value and potentials of the real-time data about urban processes and possibilities of its transformation into rich set of information services and controls that positively influence sustainable development and compliance with millennium SDG.

Smart Urbana produced important intangible output in knowledge and information regarding technical innovation and its use for local governance and municipality and utility service management. The innovation solution "Smart City Monitor and Sofia2" demonstrated for the stakeholder's in the partner cities novel possibilities to obtain and use an integrated holistic picture of a city that is easy to understand and use in practice of daily management, monitoring, analysis, decision making and public transparency of governance results.

The project partners realised and demonstrated new possibilities of custom digital transformation of big data streams from multiple diverse data sources such as sensors, IoT, automated systems, webs, databases and spreadsheets, into smart information, analytics and various Use Case applications presenting large number of different ongoing urban processes. The experiment realised cutting edge solution based on quick implementation of open custom urban CPS models linked with Smart Everything and running as transformation engines that:

  • Can be easy to understand
  • Reflect real-world infrastructures of objects and its management that are common
  • Easy adapt and modify to accommodate change in requirements and applications
  • Link physical and virtual worlds of urban areas
  • Can support compliance with evolving international standards defining the requirements for quality of smart governance, smart management, measurement, monitoring and data collection.

Outputs

The innovations assets developed in the experiment include as follows:

  • Use case demonstrators received transformation engines running on cloud for each partner city linked to multiple data sources in real time
  • Relevant urban CPS model prototypes implemented in the cities support new procedures of smart governance accordingly to the latest international standards (ISO 37xxx, etc.)
  • Municipalities received rapid model development tools to upgrade their CPS models and knowledge for adding automatic data collection procedures from large number of diverse data sources
  • The application training and public dissemination workshops for city stakeholders were implemented in 4 cities of 4 countries involving large number of stakeholders
  • Effective business relationships were established between new technology providers and partner cities deploying the experiment results promoting further business success

The final products include the integrated platform, developed during the experiment, its instances running in the cloud relevant CPS models for each city and enabling digital transformation and applications as well as novel knowledge and practical skills supporting new smart governance and management. The municipalities that achieved practical results in innovation also become ready to offer assistance to other municipalities in their countries to achieve new levels of knowledge and technical advancements.

Training services delivered during the project for municipalities were highly appreciated by their management and employees who acknowledged it relevance for making local administrations and companies aware and involved in Smart City innovations.

The high-level international workshop 'Smart Cities in Practice: Smart Urbana' held in Vienna, Austria in October 2017 was the last important dissemination event of the project. The objectives of the workshop were to present and discuss project results as well as draw attention of the mid-small size cities to CPS based digital transformation and sustainability assessment solutions in the implementation of smart city concepts. The workshop was evaluated by the participants as very successful and attracted many attendees from 22 European cities including representatives from private companies and other participants. The event lasted for 7 hours with the audience actively participating in the presentations and discussions until its end. The project and its events shaped a number of new partnerships for prospective follow up developments in various EU projects funding instruments.

Design centre

This experiment is supported by our Spain design centre

Spain design centre

Technology platforms

  • SOFIA2
  • Pharos Navigator: Smart City Monitor

Partners

Dates

1st Jan 2017 - 30th Sept 2017
Funded under: CPSE Labs Call 3