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Smart Anything Everywhere

Cyber-Physical Systems Engineering Labs is part of the Smart Anything Everywhere initiative.

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 644400.

SBB (Shore Based Bridge)

Problem and solution

Today the Maritime industry is focusing on e-Navigation, i.e. the transmission from Paper to Digital information, and the integration and use of this information on board and on shore (VTS). When it comes to navigational information, there are already solutions in the market fulfilling these requirements for the navigator. It can be foreseen that the Maritime industry needs to go through three phases on the way to an autonomous vessel sailing internationally:

  • The e-NAV Phase moving from Paper to Digital
  • The Demonstration phase, where the concept is introduced, tested and verified within the current maritime legislation
  • The Change of regulation phase, finally opening up for autonomous vessels build on verification from phase II

The main objective of SBB was to test an on-shore e-NAV/Fleet Management station in an operational environment by utilizing a real vessel. The aim was to test the functionality of the SBB by moving planning, monitoring and safety-critical navigation functions from vessel to shore.

The final demonstration took place in October 2017 and the experiment depended on good weather and visibility to allow for the final and most advanced part; taking control of the vessel from shore and solving an upcoming potential navigational hazard by actually steering the vessel from the SBB. The "fail safe" backup was to have a navigator on-board all the time.

TEMPO Simulator

A video was produced to document the final testing of the SBB concept using the eMIR test platform. A talk at the e-Navigation Underway 2018 will report about the results of the joint undertaking of NAVTOR and OFFIS, including a brief overview about the project and the presentation of the video.

How did CPSE Labs Help?

By running the CPSE Lab SBB experiment utilizing the eMIR platform, NAVTOR understood well the pros and cons for such a concept, and how it may relate to future autonomous vessels. Even if NAVTOR believes in and supports the R&D for autonomous vessels, we think a SBB will be a necessary step on the way to a fully autonomous vessel without a crew. NAVTOR believes the SBB concept will allow for the "Crew Reduced Vessel", i.e. a vessel sailing with one crew only, and when this crew go to rest e.g. during night, the command of the vessel may be delegated to a Shore Based Bridge. The "fail safe" will be to wake the sleeping crew in case of a dangerous situation. With the CPSE Labs SBB experiment, NAVTOR was able to document that the concept of a SBB is working very well for the Planning and Monitoring phases, and may work well in the Manoeuvring phase given high speed connection, and may be adequate to resolve a situation at high sea when you have more time and may send a new route update to avoid potential dangerous situations.

During the CPSE Lab SBB experiment, and after customers' feedback, NAVTOR realized that the SBB concept may be extended to also cover the increasing demand for a fleet management concept. By introducing a Fleet overview with a dashboard (NavTracker, a web-based fleet tracking tool by NAVTOR), they may offer a first version of a "Fleet Management Tools". This will allow ship owners to keep track of their fleet and have a dashboard to see e.g. vessels out of Eco Speed. In addition the SBB will allow for planning, having monitoring and manoeuvring as options.


The impact of SBB was to speed up the development of advanced physical testing and type approval approaches for highly automated navigation systems to reduce time to market for European e-Navigation providers, thereby increasing competitiveness of European maritime industry.

The eMIR testbed helped NAVTOR to make integrated testing of the suggested SBB, a combined and highly automated cyber-physical system consisting of a SBB, an integrated reference platform and a physical boat, in an operational environment. The aim for NAVTOR was to demonstrate the benefit of a SBB by using the eMIR platform by OFFIS.


A first version of the SBB experiment was demonstrated for the maritime community at the NorShipping May 30th - June 2nd 2017, as a quite visible part of the exhibition booth of NAVTOR.

By making a video of the final demonstration, NAVTOR were in addition able to kick-start the dissemination activity of the CPSE Lab SBB experiment and further exploitation of the results achieved.

In addition, NAVTOR will make the CPSE Lab SBB video available by visits to existing and new ship-owners, and display it in major European maritime exhibitions like Posedonia, SMM and several Digital Ship conferences in Bergen, Copenhagen, Cyprus, Hamburg, Marseille, Rotterdam and e-Navigation Underway.

Design centre

This experiment is supported by our Germany North design centre

Germany North design centre

Technology platforms

eMIR Logo


Navtor Logo


1st Nov 2016 - 31st Oct 2017
Funded under: CPSE Labs Call 3